• Andhra Pradesh is the first state in the country to conduct a household survey exclusively to estimate MPI at state and district levels
Hon’ble Chief Minister Sri. Nara Chandrababu Naidu launched the Andhra Pradesh Multidimensional Poverty (MPI) Index Report 2017. The Report places Andhra Pradesh at equivalent to 51st rank globally, with an Index value of 0.0825 (value ranges from 0 to 1; 0 being the best and 1 being the worst). India, with an Index value of 0.1911 is at the 66th position in the table. Within the state, East Godavari is the top district with a value of 0.0468 and Vizianagaram is at the bottom of the table with a value of 0.1271.
The study was conducted by Vision Management Unit (VMU), Planning Department, GoAP in collaboration with Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford, UK.By conducting MPI study, Andhra Pradesh has become the first state in the country to conduct a household survey exclusively to estimate MPI at state and district levels, disaggregated by social categories and urban-rural areas. The end-to-end process including sampling, data processing & analysis, and estimation of headcount and Index values have been verified and vetted by OPHI.
The MPI methodology was developed by Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative in collaboration with United Nations Development Programme and is one of the most widely accepted global measures of multidimensional poverty, estimated for 104 developing countries.This methodology measures poverty by capturing deprivations faced by people in the areas of education, health, and living standards. In this aspect, it differs from the usually-followed method of estimating poverty based on consumption expenditure which was last published by erstwhile Planning Commission in 2013.
MPI is an important indicator from the point of view of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Goal 1, which aims at “ending poverty in all its forms everywhere by 2030”, focusses not only on monetary poverty but also on multiple deprivations faced by people.
The multidimensional poverty headcount ratio of the State, which gives the proportion of people living in multidimensional poverty, has reduced from 41.6% in 2005-06 to 21% in 2016-17. The rural headcount ratio stands at 22% while for urban areas it is 19%. As of 2011, the headcount ratio of the country stands at 41.3%.
Andhra Pradesh has been regularly benchmarking itself with global and national indices. The Vision Management Unit, State Planning Department has earlier brought out Happiness Index Report and Global Competitiveness Index Report.
The release took place in the presence of Hon’ble Finance Minister,Sri Yanamala Rama Krishnudu, OPHI Research Officer, Dr Christian Oldiges, Secretary, Planning Department, GoAP, Mr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Associate, Vision Management Unit Mr. Alen John, Associate, Vision Management Unit, Mr. Soumya Guha and other senior officials.