Andhra Pradesh Sustainable Development Goals Dashboard

Our SDG Journey

Framework
The state government has followed a rigorous and logical step-by-step process of adopting SDGs – including goal setting, target prioritization, indicator selection, scheme analysis, and developing a monitoring system. The framework consisting of goals, themes, targets, departments, strategies, and indicators is the most important component of the SDG mechanism the state has instituted. This framework identifies the priorities, stakeholders, implementers, and metrics to measure progress.

The development of the framework was initiated in 2015-16 before the SDG framework was officially adopted by the UN member countries. Later, the framework was expanded. Currently, the framework consists of the indicators recommended by the UN and from the KPI bank managed by the Planning Department of the state government.

Andhra Pradesh has adopted all 17 goals, as all of them are relevant to the development agenda of the state. Out of the 169 targets, the state has adopted 121 which are relevant to it. Actions on some targets are designed to be taken at the national or international level, and do not call for any action at the sub-national level. 212 indicators have been identified to monitor the progress towards achieving the targets.

Goals and themes (and theme-based summary)
While goals, targets, and indicators are the basic building blocks of the SDG mechanism, Andhra Pradesh has further improvised it by introducing themes. A goal is too wide in scope and its target are too focused. Therefore, to gauge the overall status or progress under goals, they have been broken down into themes. For instance, goal 2 has been broken down into four themes- end hunger, achieve food security, achieve improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture. It has been realized that these themes make reporting the status/ progress to the leadership easier.

The goals have been divided into 42 themes. Currently, 24 are on track and 18 need push. The summary is as follows:

SDG: GOAL-WISE SUMMARY

Indicator Status Performance Summary
Goal 1 : No Poverty
End poverty as per official poverty line On track Official poverty rate of 9.2% is the sixth best among the states
End multidimensional poverty On track Multidimensional poverty rate is reduced from 41.6% in 2005-06 to 21% in 2016-17
Goal 2 : Zero Hunger
End hunger On track All eligible beneficiaries covered under PDS
Achieve food security On track Food security system: good availability, access, utilisation, and stability
Improved nutrition Needs push Concerns: anaemia in pregnant women (67%), and stunting in children (25%)
Wasting (7%) & underweight (6%) in children have reduced
Promote sustainable agriculture On track ZBNF initiatives have expanded and are on track – 5 lakh farmers targeted for 2018-19
Goal 3 : Good Health and Well-Being
Ensure healthy lives Needs push Concerns: MMR (63), poor health infrastructure (48% of PHCs and none of DH, AHs, and CHCs are not as per IPHS standards)
Promote well-being Needs push Concerns: Non communicable diseases (1519 cases/ lakh population) & lifestyle diseases
Goal 4 : Quality Education
Inclusive education On track Commendable gender parity indices
Equitable education On track Access of backward sections to education have improved
Quality education On track Quality of primary education has improved from 2015 to 2017 (NAS 2017)
Lifelong learning opportunities Needs push Skilling, placements (low target), adult literacy (67%) need to scale up
Goal 5 : Gender Equality
Equality and empowerment of girls & women Needs push Concerns: poor economic participation, crime against women is not coming down significantly for the past three years
Goal 6 : Clean Water and Sanitation
Availability of water & sanitation Needs push Concerns: large population without access to stipulated quantity of water
Sustainable water & sanitation management On track Steady progress in farm ponds, check dams, big projects & ground water level
Goal 7 : Affordable and Clean Energy
Access to affordable energy On track Affordable electricity tariff, but higher industrial tariffs compared to neighbours
Access to reliable energy On track Minutes of outage coming down steadily
Access to sustainable & modern energy On track Share of renewable energy steadily increasing
Goal 8 : Decent Work and Economic Growth
Sustained, inclusive & sustainable growth Needs push Needed: private investment, governance transformation, structural transformation span>
Full and productive employment Needs push Needed: structural transformation, skilling, investments
Decent work (fair income, security at workplace, social protection) Needs push Needed: wages to improve, especially for daily labourers
Goal 9 : Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
Resilient infrastructure Needs push Roads, Fibernet, housing & water supply need to saturate
Inclusive & sustainable industrialization Needs push Industry’s contribution to growth & employment, and investment conversion to improve; industry needs to adopt less polluting measures
Innovation Needs push Medium & high-tech industries, and research should be given more attention
Goal 10 : Reduce Inequalities
Inequality within the State Needs push Economic, educational, & health status of ST and communities needs to improve
Goal 11 : Sustainable Cities and Communities
Inclusive cities Needs push Concerns: high proportion of slum population, water supply
Safe cities Needs push Highly urbanised districts such as Krishna and Guntur have higher crime rates
Sustainable & resilient cities Needs push Concerns: Waste management, pollution, congestion, building standards, & disaster resilience
Goal 12 : Sustainable Consumption and Production
Sustainable consumption On track Active pollution monitoring by PCB, low levels of food wastage
Sustainable production On track Conservation of soil, water, forests, and irrigation and watershed management are on track; action plan for reducing post-harvest losses is in place
Goal 13 : Climate Action
Combat climate change & its impacts On track State Action Plan on Climate Change, Green Vision, Green Houses Gases inventory, & SDG awareness in place
Goal 14 : Life Below Water
Sustainable use of oceans, seas, & marine resources On track Levels of marine fishing are not yet endangering; waste dumping to rivers needs attention
Conservation of oceans, seas, & marine resources On track Coastline and seashore management, mangrove conservation, wetland management are in place
Goal 15 : Life on Land
Sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems On track Forest area is increasing
Sustainably manage forests Needs push Action plan for 50% green cover to be implemented
Combat desertification On track Desertification in Anantapur is decreasing
Halt and reverse land degradation On track Desertification is coming down, forest area is increasing
Halt biodiversity loss On track Increasing in forest area protects biodiversity; red sanders smuggling needs attention
Goal 16 : Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
Promote peaceful & inclusive societies On track Better than country crime rate in human trafficking, homicide, and crime against children; worse then country crime rate in crime against women
Build effective, accountable & inclusive institutions On track Increasing government budget, improving satisfaction levels, efficient grievance redressal, online government services, low rate of corruption-related offences
Goal 17 : Partnerships for the Goals
Strengthen means of implementation of SDGs Needs push Needs more investment for growth and jobs
Revitalize global partnership for SDGs On track Partnership built with reputed national and international organizations, Institute of Leadership Excellence and Governance to be established


SDG target setting

The UN SDG framework provides quantitative 2030 targets for only some indicators, targets for remaining were fixed by taking into account AP vision 2029 milestones, best country/state values, and other national and state policies. Andhra Pradesh aims at achieving most of the SDGs by 2022. The targets have been set accordingly and have been shared with the respective line departments which are currently drafting strategies to meet the targets on time. The targets set for 2022 are as follows:

Indicator Current status Target: 2018-19 Target: December 2022


SDG-aligned Outcome Budget
The achievement of SDG targets depends principally on the successful implementation of government schemes and programmes. A mapping exercise was conducted where all the government schemes and strategies were mapped to the corresponding SDG goal, theme, targets and equivalent indicators. This helped in identifying the areas where government efforts towards achievement of SDG targets remained sufficient, inadequate or non-existing and thus served as the base for aligning the SDG mandate with the state’s Outcome Budget.

Monitoring system and progress review
The state’s SDG framework has been integrated with its monitoring system- the Real-time Outcome Monitoring System (ROMS). ROMS consists of a large set of KPIs whose data are collected periodically from the ground and uploaded by the respective line departments. In this manner, progress on SDGs is periodically tracked and analysis reports are submitted to the leadership.

The state government continuously monitors the progress on SDG targets through other channels too. Every month, the state Chief Secretary’s Office reviews the performance of line departments on a set of indicators. A similar exercise is done by the Chief Minster’s Office. The issues and concerns are then communicated to every district collector’s office through a video conference for taking appropriate action. Every quarter the state government organizes a ‘collectors’ conference’ where all the line departments present their progress status of the preceding quarter and request assistance from the district collectors in areas requiring their facilitation in meeting the targets. The Planning Department also does an annual review and prepares progress report on SDG targets achievement that summarizes the strategies adopted by the governments in terms of schemes, programmes, or bringing a new policy or legislation. It also highlights the way forward and the areas of improvement for the upcoming year.

So far, three state SDG reports have been published:
  • SDG Baseline Report 2016: This first SDG report of the state outlined the baseline values of key indicators, set high-level targets to be achieved by 2019 and 2019, and presented the strategies to achieve those.
  • SDG Status Report 2017: This report highlighted the progress achieved under the SDG framework in its first two years and pointed out areas that demand extra attention. This report was released at the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development 2017 at United Nations headquarters, New York.
  • SDG Status Report 2018: This report set year-wise targets to be achieved until 2022, reviewed the progress so far, and highlighted focus areas. This report was released by the hon’ble Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.

Participation in High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) 2017
Andhra Pradesh was the only state to participate in HLPF 2017, as a member of the Indian delegation. HLPF is the highest global body which reviews countries’ progress towards achieving SDGs. The SDG-related strategies and action plans of Andhra Pradesh were presented at a Side Event hosted by India’s Permanent Mission to the UN.



Asia-Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development
The SDG framework and strategies of the state were presented, in the form of posters, at the Asia-Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development in 2017 and 2018, convened by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for the Asia and the Pacific. Posters on the state’s SDG initiatives were displayed at the stall organised by the Indian delegation.

Participation of hon’ble Chief Minister at United Nations forum
In September 2018, hon’ble Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Sri N. Chandrababu Naidu delivered a keynote address at an event titled “Financing Sustainable Agriculture: Global Challenges and Opportunities”, organised on the sidelines of the annual United Nation General Assembly. At the event, hon’ble Chief Minister reiterated the state’s commitment to achieving most of the SDGs by 2022.

Participation in State SDG Review Meetings by NITI Aayog
Andhra Pradesh has participated in two SDG State Review Meetings convened by NITI Aayog, in February and December, 2018. The status of SDG adoption and the monitoring system put in place to track its progress were presented and discussed in detail.

Discussion in Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
In November 2017, a half-day discussion was conducted on the floor of the state’s Legislative Assembly on SDGs, led by the Chief Minister. The importance of the SDG framework for the development vision of Andhra Pradesh was highlighted and the state’s achievements so far and targets for the future were presented.

Village and ULB-level discussion on SDGs
In January 2018, during the state government’s “Janmabhoomi-Maa Vooru” programme, SDGs were discussed in every village and municipal ward of the state. The discussions involved the local communities’ idea and expectations of sustainable development and the state government’s initiatives in the same area.

Comics on SDGs
In partnership with UK-based Project Everyone, comics on SDGs for school children were translated into Telugu. This initiative will take the message of SDGs to over a million school children and spread awareness on the various challenges to be addresses under the framework.

Planning Department as an orchestrator
Successful action on SDGs at the national or sub-national level calls for an “orchestrator” - a key actor within the government who can take the lead in adoption of SDGs, strategizing to achieve time-bound goals, and periodic monitoring for reporting and course-correction.

For Andhra Pradesh, the Planning Department shoulders this responsibility. The organic link with the Vision framework, identification of concern areas and design of strategies, and real-time progress reporting are undertaken by the Vision Management Unit (VMU) under the Planning Department. The periodic data for SDG reporting is obtained from all relevant line departments through the Real-time Outcome Monitoring System (ROMS) managed by the Planning Department. The Directorate of Economics and Statistics (DES), an organization under the Planning Department and the statistical arm of the state government, is responsible for conducting surveys in coordination with VMU, for collecting data on SDG indicators which currently do not exist in the statistical system of the government. The Planning Department also acts as a coordinating entity within the state government by engaging with other line departments on the issues pertaining to SDG goal and target setting while also coordinating with the national orchestrator for all state governments, NITI Aayog.

One of the key factors behind the success of the SDG adoption in Andhra Pradesh is the seamless integration of the framework with the government execution, and monitoring and review systems.

No new organisational structure was created specifically for SDGs – for guidance, strategy, implementation, or monitoring. The SDG priorities were directly discussed with the government departments and was integrated with the Real-time Outcome Monitoring System of the state government, which tracks the progress of all 13 districts and 25+ key departments on their KPIs. The VMU, whose primary mandate is strategizing for and monitoring of the Andhra Pradesh Vision 2029 framework, handles SDGs, along with other projects.