Education

Executive Summary

Vision 2029-Sector papers

ANDHRA PRADESH’s CURRENT NATIONAL STATUS

School Education

Metrics Andhra Pradesh Best performing state India
Literacy rate (%) 67.41 93.91 (Kerala) 74.04
Gross Enrolment Ratio
Primary School 63.44% 80.59%(West Bengal) 55.85%
Upper Primary School 80.2 31701(Uttar Pradesh) 9.72%
Secondary School 0.04% 16.01%(Mizoram) 2.50%
Higher Secondary School 3.44% 5.44%(Goa) 0.73%
SC for secondary education 19.29% 35.86%(Punjab) 18.67%
ST for secondary education 5.20% 97.77%(Mizoram) 8.49%
NAS Class VIII Science Achievement Score
Mean Score 237 282(Daman & Diu) 251
Rank 29 - -
Drop-outs rate (2013-14)
Primary 4.35 0.41(Haryana) 4.34
Upper Primary 3.78 0.51(A&N Islands) 3.77
Secondary 12.65 7.20 (A&N Islands) 17.86
Higher Secondary 11.79 1.55 (Madhya Pradesh) --

(Source DISE 2014-15; NAS Class VIII Science Achievement Score)

As-is Assessment:

  • While access to primary school has been achieved to a large extent, there is high drop our rate especially after class 5
  • There are regional/Urban-Rural variations in terms of the level of education that needs to be addressed
  • All schools in the state are not internet enabled and therefore use of ICT in classroom transaction is limited
  • All secondary schools do not have science and computer labs. It is also seen that achievement levels of class 8 students in science subjects is lower than the national average
  • Quality of school education needs improvement
  • About two third teachers so not get an opportunity for in-service
  • There is shortage of faculty for training of teachers
  • Vocational education in schools/colleges at intermediate levels is not need based

In order to overcome the issues and challenges highlighted at the school education level in the State several strategies and interventions are proposed with the aim of providing Access and Excellence in school education.


Strategies

School Education :
  • Improve Literacy levels, especially of Women, through Adult Education Initiatives
  • Improving access to quality education for children from the marginalised communities
  • Improving Early childhood education through improvement in infrastructure and capacity development of anganwadi teachers
  • Improving Infrastructure in schools to create an enabling environment for school education at all levels
  • Empowerment of teachers and head teachers for school development
  • Improve vocational education in school
  • Monitoring of outcomes

Key Targets

S.No Indicator As on date 2019 2022 2029
1 School infrastructure
1.1

Availability of computers

Computers with internet

60.71 % (SEMIS 2012-13)

26.61% (SEMIS 2012-13)

75%

50%

100%

100%

100%

100%

1.2

Fully equipped Science labs

Physics

Chemistry

Biology

---

12.70% (SEMIS 2012-13)

11.75% (SEMIS 2012-13)

11.75% (SEMIS 2012-13)

--

40%

40%

40%

--

80%

80%

80%

--

100%

100%

100%

1.3 Computer labs 18.88 % (SEMIS 2012-13) 40% 40% 100%
2 Enrolment
2.1 Net Enrolment Ratio        
2.1.1 Primary 78.31% (DISE 2013-14) 90% 100% --
2.1.2 Upper Primary 62.25% (DISE 2013-14) 75% 100% 100%
2.1.3 Secondary 43.56% (UDISE 2013-14) 60% 70% 80%
2.1.4 Higher Secondary 37.58% (UDISE 2013-14) 50% 60% 70%
2.2 Gender difference in NER        
2.2.1

Secondary (Gender wise %NER)

Boys

Girls

(UDISE 2013-14)

42.82%

44.37 %

--

60%

60%

--

70%

70%

--

80%

80%

2.2.2

Higher Secondary (Gender Wise %NER)

• Boys

• Girls

(UDISE 2013-14)

36.81%

38.44%

--

50%

50%

--

60%

60%

--

70%

70%

3. School completion
3.1 Transition rate from primary to upper primary 95.92% (DISE 2013-14) 98% 100% --
3.2 Transition rate from upper primary to secondary stage 96.29% (UDISE 2013-14) 98% 100% --
3.3 Average annual dropout rate (primary) 3.18 (DISE 2013-14) -- -- 0%
3.4 Average annual dropout rate (secondary) 12.72 (UDISE 2013-14) -- -- 0%
4 Learning outcomes
4.1 Language (Reading Comprehension) Below Average Performing State as per NAS for Class VIII Average Performing Top Quartile National Leader
4.2 Mathematics Below Average Performing State as per NAS for Class VIII Average Performing Top Quartile National Leader
4.3 Science Below Average Performing State as per NAS for Class VIII Average Performing Top Quartile National Leader
4.4 Social Science Below Average Performing State as per NAS for Class VIII Average Performing Top Quartile National Leader
5 Vocational education in schools
5.1

No. of students opting for vocational education in schools

• Boys

• Girls

--

57.75% (UDISE 2013-14)

42.25% (UDISE 2013-14)

--

65%

65%

--

70%

65%

--

75%

70%

6. Post school Education
6.1 Percentage of girls opting for higher education 44.72% (AISHE 2014) 50% 55% 60%

Higher Education

Higher education in the State similarly faces some critical challenges which need to be addressed for achievement of the vision.

  • Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in Socially Excluded Categories such as SC/ST is lower than that of the students from the general category. While GER of SC/ST students is 17% and 16% respectively when compared to general category GER of 22%.
  • There is gender disparity Male 25% as against females 18%.
  • Low ratio of educational institutions to youth population. There are only 66 institutions per lakh youth population.
  • Large number of graduated youths lack employable skills
  • High student-teacher ratio in Institutions. Finding good faculty members is a challenge.
  • Very few institutions focus on research and development.
  • There is a need to improve the quality of technical and non-technical institutes.

Strategies

Following are the key strategies that are recommended for the state to achieve the above-mentioned targets:

Access and Equity:
  • Increase the number and size of colleges.
  • Ensure financial aid for meritorious students in under-privileged social groups during the entire period
  • Re-enrol population dropping out of the Education system
  • Develop market financed loans and funding structures to ensure equitable access to education

Relevance and quality:
  • Encourage industry participation in education delivery
  • Mandate accreditation of all higher education institutes through NAAC by 2019
  • Mandate curriculum review for all state universities every 3 years by panel consisting of academia & industry
  • Conduct large scale human resource reforms to improve quality of faculty
  • Develop a performance oriented culture in public institutes


Kay Targets

Aspect Performance Indicator Current Performance Short Term 2019 Medium Term 2022 Long Term 2029
AccessEquity Gross Enrolment Ratio 20.02% 30% 35% 50%
Gender Disparity in GER 7% 3% 1% < 1%
Caste Disparity in GER 5% 3% 1% < 1%
Relevance Alignment to Key Industries

Low (~20-30%)

Global Employable Youth

~35% ~50% High (> 90% employable
Quality No of Universities in India’s Top 100 6 8 10 >20 in India top 100, 2-3- globally ranked
Excellence # of Accredited Institutes with “A” rating 22% 40% 50% 85%
Enrolment of PG Students 15.6% 17% 19% 25%
Institute of National Importance 2* 7 9 10
No of Research Institutes in Top 100 in India 2 7 9 10
Average No. of research papers published and citations mentioned per university 128 140 200 250




Feedback

6/6/2017

sheshanka

AP providing quality education

3/8/2017

VishnuReddy

Specific, descriptive feedback is necessary for improvement and success. How teachers provide suggestions for improvement is critical in "closing the gap" for students. Teachers who combine strong subject knowledge with effective feedback can offer students rich, focused information about their learning and how to improve it. Students who are clear about their learning can monitor their progress and seek feedback to improve their learning.