Green Mechanisms for Sustainable Development

Executive Summary

Vision 2029-Sector papers

ANDHRA PRADESH’S CURRENT STATUS

Current Consumption of electricity 41.53 billion units
Installed Capacity 9421 MW
Waste Generation 7033 TPD
Water Demand 1.78 BCM
Total Cultivation Area 63.54 lakh Ha
Organic Farming 12,350 Ha
Forest and Tree Cover 9450.49 Sq Km
  • Installed capacity is projected to reach 48,257 MW by 2029
  • Waste generation is projected to reach 2300 TPD by 2029
  • Water and energy demand – 1.78 BCM and 85.8 billion units by 2029

Fertilizer use has increased by 57% from the year 2003-2004. AP is the highest consumer of fertilizers per Ha of agricultural land in the country.

Forest and tree cover- 25.64% of the total area 36916 Sq Km, gap of 7.36% (11.31 Lakh Ha) to achieve 33% forest/tree cover.

Andhra Pradesh is the 1st State to create a Green House Gases emissions inventory.

1977 to 2014 – State has witnessed 26 floods, 25 cyclones, affecting 747 lakh population, and a revenue loss of INR 73,651 crores.

The objective of APs SAPCC include inclusive and sustainable development of the state, improved ecological sustainability, provision of a framework to promote integrated climate change growth, and development of innovative policies to promote sustainable development.

EXISTING SCHEMES, POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES

  • 1. National Afforestation Programme (National Mission for a Green India) – An amount of INR 1242.71 lakhs is provided under Central Assistance to State Development Plan, and INR 486.63 lakhs as matching state share.
  • 2. Integrated Watershed Management (IWMP) – This scheme has been implemented to restore ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and developing sustainable livelihoods. An amount of INR 19600 lakhs is provided in budget 2016-2017.
  • 3. National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture – An amount of INR 4279.50 lakhs has been provided in the Budget 2016-17.
  • 4. Government allocated Rs. 5,838.65 crores towards agriculture development during 2016-17; of this:
    • - Rs. 50 crores is for Drought Proofing;
    • - 41 crores for creation of viable farm livelihoods by promotion of organic and natural farming;
    • - Rs. 344 crores for Pradhan Mantri Fasal Beema Yojana (all new schemes);
    • - Rs. 54 crores for National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology;
    • - Rs. 79 crores for National Oil Seed and Oil Palm Mission, which is 79% higher than last year
    • - Rs. 232 Crores for Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, which is 24% higher than last year.

Source: Assessment of Impact Impact, Adaptation, Vulnerability and Mitigation of Climate Change in AP, TERI, Delhi


SUSTAINABILITY CHALLENGES

SECTOR SUSTAINABILITY CHALLENGE
Green Energy
  • - Renewable energy in the power sector
    • Wind Power Policy, 2015
    • Solar Power Policy, 2015
  • -Wind zones to be categorized based on wind availability, separate tariffs
  • - Enforcement of RPO
Sustainable Urban Environment
  • Efficient energy use, promotion of RE and usage of low carbon technology
  • Efficient management of waste and waste water
  • Building climate resilient cities
  • Improving water use efficiency
  • Efficient land-use planning
Sustainable Industry
  • Implementation of RE power generation projects
  • Roof top solar
  • Implementation of Perfomance Achieve and Trade (PAT)
  • Adoption of Green Factory Building Code
  • Cluster based energy efficiency programs
  • Disaster mitigation to minimize risjs to industrial hubs
Sustainable Agriculture
  • Solar powered agricultural pump sets
  • Canal top solar PV
  • Feeder segregation for rural agricultural and non-agricultural consumers
  • Soil Health Mapping
  • Improve soil organic matter Promotion of organic farming and use of bio-fertilizers
  • Water management activities – recharging water bodies, water conservation, rain water harvesting, IWRM
  • Agro-met and climate smart crop insurance
Sustainable Water Use
  • IWRM
  • Enhance productivity of water
    • Water treatment, desalination
    • Rain water harvesting
    • o Maximize storage
  • Pollution of water bodies should be controlled
Sustainable Forest Management
  • Improvement of vegetation over 12 lakh hectares of degraded forest
  • Addition of tree cover outside forest
  • Establishing a Climate Knowledge Centre (CKC) as a training academy for the forest department, carry out research on climate change
Sustainable Coastal Zone Management
  • Mapping of actual reasons for flooding
  • Revision of building codes
  • Construction of cyclone and flood shelters
  • Implementing technologically advanced early warning system for cyclones
  • Beach nourishment/recharging
  • Creation of buffer zones to mitigate the impact of sea level rise
  • • Integrating climate change risk into the state’s disaster management policy

FUNDING REQUIREMENT

SECTOR RUPEES (in crore)
Sustainable Agriculture 22898.543
Sustainable Urban Environment 33398
Forestry 21065


FUNDING REQUIREMENT

ASPECT YEAR TARGET
Energy Efficiency 2029
  • Reduction of 25% of current energy consumption in Agriculture, Municipal and Domestic sector
  • Adoption of Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in all new commercial and Government buildings – 30% and above
  • Use of star rated appliances (3 star and above)
  • Set up Green Manufacturing Zones
Renewable Energy Sustainable Industry 2019
  • Installation of rooftop solar PV of 50 MW capacity
  • Implementation of 1 MW capacity canal top solar PV system
  • Installation of 50,000 solar pumps in agriculture
2029
  • Solar rooftop PV – 450 MW
  • Canal top solar PV – 2 MW
  • 2,50,000 solar pumps
Agriculture 2029
  • Drought/ flood resistant crops to all vulnerable agri-belts
  • Customer hiring centers for mechanization
Natural Resources 2029
  • Increase forest cover up to 30% by 2029
Disaster Management 2029 60% climate resilient infrastructure
Urban Environment 2015
  • 100% treatment of solid waste and waste water
  • E-waste and Hazardous waste management centers in the state; 1 each


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