Education – Summary


Education will play a significant role in achieving the Vision 2029 target of sustained double digit growth for next 15 years. However, the performance of the state on educational indicators has been far from satisfactory. In 2011 census, state had a literacy rate of 67.4% with wide gender, caste and regional disparities. The literacy level is in bottom quartile of the country and nowhere near the neighboring states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Several initiatives are being thought out to improve the literacy, especially of the women. Some of them are – linking adult education to SHGs, literacy instruction in skill development programs and improving access to adult education study material.

State government has prioritized implementation of RTE guidelines for elementary education thereby making primary school within 1km and upper primary school within 3km of each habitation. State has one of the healthiest Student-Teacher ratio in the country (23) and most (99.97%) of the teachers have appropriate professional qualifications. However, less than a third of them receive in-service training. There is significant drop-out at upper-primary and secondary levels. Quality of school education also needs to improve as the achievement levels are lower than national average.

Some of the strategies to improve the access and quality of school education are as follows:
  • Improving access to quality education for marginalized sections through incentive schemes, bridge classes and infrastructure development
  • Improved monitoring of outcome indicators through the use of ICT tools
  • Improving vocational education in schools
  • Use of ICT tools and other infrastructural support to improve the quality of education
  • No university from AP in top 500 of Times Higher Education or QS rankings

While GER of Andhra Pradesh in higher education (22%) is higher than national average, it is lower than the neighboring states of Karnataka (25.5%) and Tamil Nadu (42%). Also, similar to school education, there are wide gender, caste and regional disparities in higher education. Moreover, most of the graduated youth lack employable skills and very few institutions focus on research and development.

Some of the strategies suggested to improve the access and quality of higher education are as follows:
  • Add sufficient capacity to increase GER to 50% by 2029 with special focus on underserved areas by opening more institutions in such regions.
  • Set up a virtual university to facilitate distance learning programs
  • Set up incentive systems including preferential loans and scholarship for meritorious students from marginalized backgrounds
  • Enable/incentivize entry to industries in higher education market through partnerships like projects, sponsorships, COEs, trainings, internships etc.
  • Develop a performance oriented culture by linking incentives to the performance e.g. linking funding to research output.