The following vision statement defines AP’s approach to achieve social empowerment and also lays the foundation for the strategies and solutions- “Ensuring Social Empowerment, Equity and Social Justice for all round Human Development to lead a Healthy and Happy life’.
- To improve the human development index of the state of Andhra Pradesh through improvements in health, education and social development
- To achieve the Millennium Development Goals within stipulated time
- To prepare a framework for achievement of Sustainable Development Goals 2030 for the state
Andhra Pradesh has adopted ambitious targets of becoming one of the top three states of India by 2022 in terms of socio-economic performance based on equality and equity, and achieving the status of a developed state by 2029.
In order to comprehensively monitor the progress and benchmark it against other countries the state has chosen two summary measures the Human Development Index (HDI) and the Healthy Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE). The state is committed to achieve an HDI score of 0.9 and HALE of 64yrs by 2029.
Over the years the state’s performance in health sector has remained patchy. Where on one side the rate of institutional deliveries has crossed 90% but still the neonatal mortality rate remains high. The MMR of the state has fallen down from 134 in 2007-09 to 92 in 2011-13 but still 60% of the women are anaemic. Close to 32% of the children less than 5 years are underweight and suffers from stunting. The state has to solve many more such riddles to achieve the objectives of the vision 2029 for health. Other than that, AP is witnessing stagnation in its population, thereby seeing a changed demographic profile of growing number of adult and old age population in an urbanized environment. This potentially has triggered the emergence of non-communicable and life diseases.
Strategies and Approaches:
The key objective of the strategy is to achieve “inclusive, equity based citizen focused development and growth of Swarna Andhra by 2029”. Accordingly, the state needs to focus on more inclusive and sustainable policy interventions.
Government is determined to create poverty free “Navya Andhra Pradesh” with an overarching framework to promote sustainable and inclusive growth resulting in a “healthy and happy society.” However, challenges such as access to services, income inequality and marginalization have been identified as obstacles to realization of the state vision.
- Equitable, accessible, affordable and timely delivery of services and goods with adequate infrastructure accompanied by accountability setting mechanisms would be one of the induced approaches to reduce poverty and vulnerability thereby creating better living standards and ensuring human development and a happy society.
- The inclusive growth paradigm has made substantial progress in reducing the poverty head count ratio. State has proposed to achieve further inclusive growth and developmental transformation through the seven mission, five grids, five campaigns, Janmabhoomi programme and Smart Village-Smart Ward programme. Social security and social protection measures will play a crucial role in reducing the vulnerability and severity of poverty situation.
- Existing social capital base in the state can be leveraged for participation of poor households in the several poverty alleviating and other state support programmes.
- Women are the potential drivers of double digit economic growth. For that to happen, the state needs to take suitable policy measures for women empowerment and safety.
Strategies and focus areas have been identified with focused emphasis on women empowerment and mainstreaming of various disadvantaged social groups who have historically been at the margin of development agenda.